Nature and Wildlife

Sikkim offers a delightful experience of being proximity to the nature. Birds and butterflies number well above the 500 mark, and the variety in moths may run close to 2,000. Even the list for orchids stands at an impressive count of 450, and at least 36 species of rhododendron have been recorded in the higher climes.

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Sikkim Nature and Wildlife

Some of the world’s most endangered animal species such as the Snow Leopard, Blue Sheep, Kiang, Shapi and the Musk Deer are found in the alpine highlands. At lower elevations You can see Himalayan Black Bear, the Red Panda, the Clouded Leopard, the Common Leopard, Serow, Goral, Barking Deer, Wild Boar and a host of other lesser mammals. Sight of magnificent Himalayan Griffon or the Bearded Vulture with its incredible wingspan over 10 feet, elegant Impeyan Pheasant with its flamboyant electric-blue plumage are treat to any tourist. The more common birds seen are kingfishers, woodpeckers, cuckoos, sunbirds, thrushes, babblers, bulbuls, finches, eagles, hawks, owls, pigeons, doves, jungle fowls and pheasants. Seasonal visitors include migratory species such as Demoiselle Cranes, Ruddy Shell Ducks and Cormorants.

Botanists today estimate there to be anywhere from 4,000 – 6,000 species in plant life. The jungles at lower elevations are lush with creepers and crawlers that lie beneath canopies of tree ferns, plantain, bamboo, and several species of tall trees that includes the gigantic Sal, which is said to take a hundred years to grow, a hundred years to season, and has a hundred years of use before its decay. The temperate region is arrayed with yet some more interesting timberland and include oak, chestnuts, maple, birch, magnolia and rhododendron to name a few. And up in the cool temperate reaches where the earth begins to give way to granite, you will find larch, fir, juniper and more rhododendrons. From two species of the rare Himalayan Blue Poppy to the hordes of variety in wild orchids, the wilderness of Sikkim is a Garden of Eden. Beginning in spring, flowering plants bloom all the way till late summer depending on the altitude. A visit to one of the several flower festivals held round the year in Gangtok could likely surprise you with the sights of potted wild flowers!

Sikkim’s rich biodiversity is a delight to nature lovers and wildlife aficionados.

Sites for Nature and Wildlife Viewing


Dzongri-Lampokhari Trek

Dzongri-Lampokhari Trek

Musk Deer, Blue Sheep, Snow Leopard (rare), Impeyan Pheasant

Gurudongmar-Tso Lhamu Trek

Gurudongmar-Tso Lhamu Trek

Kiang (Tibetan Wild Ass), Marco Polo Sheep

Green Lake Trek

Green Lake Trek

Shapi (Himalayan Tahr), Blue Sheep, Marco Polo Sheep, Serow, Goral, Otter, Himalayan Marmot

Kangchenjunga National Park

Kangchenjunga National Park

Himalayan Bear, Serow, Goral, Yellow-throated Marten

Neora National Park

Neora National Park

Gaur (Indian Bison), Wild Elephants, Royal Bengal Tiger

North Sikkim Tour/Yumthang

North Sikkim Tour/Yumthang

Rhododendron, primulae, and other alpine flora, Red Panda

Varsey Trek

Varsey Trek

Rhododendron, magnolia, orchids

GREAT IDEAS FOR FAMILY REST